PSALM 16 - The Resurrection of the Messiah
16:1 Michtam of David.
Michtam- the meaning is uncertain. Its derivation could be from one of several root words.
Suggested meanings: a writing, an engraving, golden, hidden, precious, secret.
A Suggested Title: The Psalm of the Precious Secret [CHS]
This Psalm is a prayer. We do not know what may have moved David to pray in this way.
However, both Peter & Paul quote this Psalm in reference to Christ's resurrection.
Peter says that David spoke as a prophet.
"Acts 2:25-32"; "Acts 13:32-37"
Notice that the quoted passages are voiced in the first person. The prophetic picture is of Christ Himself communing with the Father regarding His resurrection. Since this Psalm is one continuous prayer, we will consider the entire Psalm as a prayer of Christ.
Preserve me, O God: for in thee do I put my trust.
Preserve me- The Lord preserved Israel in their wanderings. (Josh 24:17)
Job addressed God: "O thou Preserver of men." (Job 7:20)
Believers are "sanctified... preserved in Christ Jesus, and called". (Jude 1:1)
But the One calling on the Lord here is the Lord Jesus... perhaps in Gethsemane.
(Consider the Father's answer to the Son's request in Isa 49:4-10, especially v.8)
Here we have a glimpse into the heart of "He that hath mercy" on us.
God- HB= "El": the Mighty God, the One with power to deliver.
my trust- When we sincerely rest by faith in God's mercy, we may rest assured. [CHS]
cp. Psa 17:6,7; 18:2
16:2 [O my soul], thou hast said unto the LORD {Jehovah, the everliving One},
Thou [art] my Lord {Adonai, Master}:
Christ lived in subjection/submission to His Father. He humbled Himself...
Php 2:7,8; Joh 5:30; Mat 26:39
my goodness [extendeth] not to thee; {or: I have no good apart from thee}
Christ's righteous life & obedience unto death -- was not for God's benefit.
-- did not make God any more righteous or complete.
16:3 [But] to the saints that [are] in the earth,
and [to] the excellent, in whom [is] all my delight.
the saints- Holy ones, set apart ones. (cp. 1Cor 1:2)
Christ's goodness extends to us-
He is our righteousness. In Him we are made righteous. 1Cor 1:30; 2Cor 5:21
the excellent- a title expressing splendor & majesty.
my delight- a title expressing the pleasure of the beholder in the one beheld.
Both terms apply first and foremost to our Lord Jesus Christ
(cp. Psa 8:1; Heb 1:4; Isa 42:1; 2Pet 1:17),
and secondly to His Bride who shares:
  • His Name, which is Excellent.
  • His Father's pleasure, My Delight.
  • His Home, the excellent Glory.
These things do not belong to those who are not in Him...
16:4 Their sorrows shall be multiplied [that] hasten [after] another [god]:
sorrows... multiplied -- by the unfolding consequences of their sins, in the present. Gal 6:7
-- by the judgment of God, in the future. Isa 43:10-13; 1Cor 8:5,6
another [god] - Note that the word 'god' was supplied by the translators.
The idols which men pursue are, in the final analysis, 'nothing in the world'. 1Cor 8:4
gods- of wood, stone, or breathing clay cannot save from the wrath of God.
their drink offerings of blood will I not offer,
nor take up their names into my lips.
Historically, Israel turned from the true God to pursue the heathen gods of their neighbors.
They sacrificed their children unto devils, they swore by their names. Josh 23:6-8; Psa 106:36-40
Do we sacrifice our children by abortion, or by abandoning them to worldy ways & wisdom?
In Jesus' day, Israel's leaders sought His blood because they did not know Israel's God.
Joh 8:37,38,42,44; Joh 11:47-50
Which do we seek: the Kingdom of God & His righteousness, or Personal position & pleasure?
Jesus also was tempted, in all points as we are tempted, by the god of this world:
"All these things will I give thee, if thou wilt... worship me." (Mat 4:9)
But He had only His Father's Name on His lips. (Mat 4:10)
16:5 The LORD [is] the portion of mine inheritance and of my cup:
The LORD is... my portion...- all that belongs to me in Him is beyond estimation.
cp. Psa 2:8; Psa 73:25,26; 1Cor 2:9
my inheritance- that which endures beyond the present circumstance, even beyond death.
cp. "I am thy shield & exceeding great reward." Gen 15:1
my cup- that part of God's provision of which I partake at this time.
As Jesus' cup, so mine may be bitter, but it is also passing. Mat 26:42; Heb 12:2
As Jesus did, so must I look to the One who transcends time:
thou maintainest my lot.
my lot- my portion, that which falls to me by rights. Psa 118:6,7; Isa 49:4
16:6 The lines are fallen unto me in pleasant [places];
yea, I have a goodly heritage.
lines- the "surveying cords" which measure out my inheritance.
There is no boundary or limitation to His possession (nor to ours, if we are in Him):
Heb 1:1,2; Rev 21:7
a goodly heritage- His inheritance includes those in whom He delights (cp v.3; Eph 1:18).
16:7 I will bless the LORD, who hath given me counsel:
my reins also instruct me in the night seasons.
counsel- direction, purpose - especially as set forth in God's Word
(cp. Psa 73:24; Eph 1:11; Heb 6:17; Acts 20:27).
The Scriptures, which reveal to us the Anointed One fulfilling God's purposes,
also provided direction for Him as He walked the path of obedience, as a man.
reins- inward parts, heart (cp. word usage in Psa 73:21).
night seasons- cp: Psa 63:5-8; Psa 119:148; Isa 26:9; Luk 6:12
The Lord Jesus sought His Father's will in His Word, and in whole nights of prayer.
He found what He sought. The same resource is available to us. (cp. Psa 73:24)
Even when darkness veiled the Father's face (in Gethsemane Psa 77:2-6; on Calvary Psa 22:2),
He held the course He knew was set for Him. (Isa 50:4-6; Luk 18:31-33; Joh 8:28).
16:8 I have set the LORD always before me:
because [he is] at my right hand, I shall not be moved.
Compare v.8-11 as quoted in Acts 2:25-32.
set- [In Acts 2, this word is "foresaw"- to see beforehand, to keep before one's eyes.]
cp. this thought in Psa 73:23,26; Heb 11:27; as applied to Christ in Heb 12:2.
not moved- by His enemies, from His purpose (as an arrow goes straight to its mark)
Psa 62:6; Psa 110:5; Isa 49:2
16:9 Therefore my heart is glad, and my glory rejoiceth:
my flesh also shall rest in hope.
glory- HB= kabod: honor, weight, abundance.
[In Acts 2:26, the word is ''tongue'', ie. the organ of praise.]
This is equivalent to saying: "All that is within me..." (Psa 103:1).
cp. Psa 30:12; Psa 57:8; re: Christ Joh 17:4,5
my flesh... shall rest- refers to death of the body.
hope- ie., confident expectation - cp. the Christian's hope: 1Thes 4:13,14.
16:10 For thou wilt not leave my soul in hell;
neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption.
hell- HB= sheol, the grave, the place of the dead.
[In Acts 2:27, the word is GK= hades, the grave, the state of consciousness after death.]
corruption- the destruction of the flesh, the decay of death.
David, whose body decomposed after his death, was not writing about himself, but about Christ's resurrection, and ascension into heaven. "Acts 13:32-37"; Acts 2:32-37; Eph 4:8
16:11 Thou wilt shew me the path of life:
[cp. Acts 2:28- Thou hast made known to me the ways of life. (past tense)]
Christ has become the firstfruits from the dead. 1Cor 15:20
in thy presence [is] fulness of joy;
[cp. Acts 2:28- Thou shalt make me full of joy with thy countenance (ie., face, presence).]
at thy right hand [there are] pleasures for evermore.
True joy & pleasure are found only in His Presence.
The sorrows of death will be forgotten. Psa 21:4-6; Joh 17:24; 2Cor 4:17,18

The theme of the Messiah's death and resurrection can be traced through the next several psalms.
Compare the following passages with Psalm 16...

This Concludes the study in Psalm 16.
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