Jeremiah 50 - 51 - Outline of Jeremiah (Book Notes menu page)
Judgment upon Gentile nations: concerning Babylon (ch. 50,51)
The divisions, below, depict the overthrow of Babylon, in contrast with the restoration of Israel.
I. Announcement to the nations: Babylon will be destroyed; Israel will be restored, 50:1-7
II. Warning to those in the region: Babylon will be scattered; Israel will be regathered, 50:8-20
III. Instruction to the Medes from Israel's Redeemer:
        Waste Babylon for her excess zeal in oppressing Israel, 50:21-34
IV. Description of Babylon's overthrow, and its reason: For Israel hath not been forsaken of his God, 50:35- 51:5
  1. The overwhelming defeat of Babylon, by means of...
    • a sword upon her people, princes.... (50:35-37)
      • her wise men would become liars {ie., devoid of truth} and they shall dote {ie., become foolish}...
      • her mighty men would be dismayed {ie., shattered, broken}.
      • her army and its weapons would be weak ('as women') and ineffective against her enemies.
      • her treasures would be robbed by the invaders.
    • a drought upon her waters (50:38) - perhaps a reference to the diversion of the river,
      by which the Medes gained entrance into the city.
    • a complete destruction, like that of Sodom and Gomorrah (50:39,40).
      The original city remains in ruins to this day. Portions have been rebuilt as historic monuments, but not for human habitation.
      However, more complete destruction may await fulfillment in the latter days.
    • an irresistable enemy (50:41)-
      • cruel and powerful (50:41,42)
      • causing the cruel and powerful of Babylon to cringe in fear (50:43)
    • an irrefutable purpose (50:44-46)-
      Nothing and no one can overturn the counsel of the LORD against Babylon.
    • a destroying wind (51:1-4)- as Babylon had once been to Israel (4:11-13)
  2. The faithfulness of the LORD to Israel (51:5)...
    Though their land was filled with 'sin' {ie., trespass, or, reward for trespass} against Him, He remained faithful to them.
    Though He allowed severe punishment to befall them, He had not forsaken them.
V. Futility of Babylon's resources, the sufficiency of Israel's Portion, 51:6-19
VI. Vengeance upon Babylon, by the LORD's battle axe, 51:20-58
VII. The Time and Certainty of the Prophecy, 51:59-64

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